The next social class was formed by the middle class. Top subjects are Literature, History, and Social Sciences. There was also a very wealthy merchant class that controlled the social structure and politics. The different classes were formed depending on various factors such as … So the Middle Colonies had a mixed economy of industry and farming, and a fairly balanced class structure with people at many different levels, putting them smack dab in the middle. Log in here. For the lower and middle classes, social activities could also occur at times like the harvest or on major building projects, when people would gather for a common goal. False. Both the Chesapeake colonies and the New England colonies had different social structure and development. For all classes, church was an important part of social life, with people dressing up for Sunday services in their best clothes and socializing with friends and neighbors after the service. These activities were typically done with other men. European ethnic groups as manifold as English, Swedes, Dutch, Germans, Scots-Irish and French lived in closer proximity than in any location on continental Europe. People would work together to husk corn while socializing. Some of the middle class could potentially become part of the gentry if they were able to amass more property. Their different economics also affected their social development. Most importantly, this class owned the privileged to vote and owned palatial mansions and carriages. But for all of the ways that the Middle Colonies were middling, there were also a … The Gentry were the richest, most prominent and well educated group of people who owned the major chunk of plantations and farms of the country. What was the culture of the Middle Colonies. Many people worked together to build a structure in a relatively short amount of time. Economies And Social Structures Of New England The Chesapeake And The Middle Colonies. The Middle Colonies were not as cohesive as the New England colonies because colonists in this region were not united by single religion or code of beliefs. Among the upper classes, members of a family might gather together and read aloud to each other, or young women might play the piano and sing to entertain other family members. Careful to maintain their social status, the gentry only intermingled with and married their own class. The middle class during the Colonial era was made up of people who were not as wealthy as the gentry. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. Imagine you are preparing a tour guide web page for a time traveler going to the Middle Ages. 8 Simple Ways You Can Make Your Workplace More LGBTQ+ Inclusive, Fact Check: âJFK Jr. Is Still Alive" and Other Unfounded Conspiracy Theories About the Late Presidentâs Son. Wealthy merchants in Philadelphia and New York, like their counterparts in … The social structure in the colonies was clearly highlighted through social-economic boundaries. A COVID-19 Prophecy: Did Nostradamus Have a Prediction About This Apocalyptic Year? These activities were typically done with other men. The Middle Colonies tended to mix aspects of the New England and Southern Colonies. These had extensive Native American populations as well as European settlers from a variety of different national and religious traditions, including German, Irish, Dutch, Scandinavian, English, and enslaved Africans. Going out to saloons and drinking was an activity reserved for males, especially young single ones. It mostly separates from the Africans and the Colonists. Are you a teacher? Colonial Society in New England, the Middle Colonies and the Southern Colonies No matter where a person in 18th century North America might live there were fully understood social lines, which people rarely crossed. Girls were tutored at home in a variety of household and social skills. They also owned mansions and carriages. This edition of Mr. Zoller's Social Studies Podcasts focuses on England's thirteen original colonies in the new world. The colonists has a social structure as well. The English colonies generally had the same governmental setup. This would eventually merge the Chesapeake colonies with the Southern colonies in Plantation lifestyle, unlike the fur and trade economics of the New England colonies. Top subjects are Literature, History, and Business. CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide. Boys learned skill and trade, and possibly classical languages, history and literature, math, and natural science. The Mid-Atlantic Colonies have a very unique social life. Social Organization. Frolics might be for making quilts, canning, cooking, or other things. 20. One's ranking in society also determined his political, legal and societal privileges. Social activities in the Middle Colonies were often separate for women and men. Already a member? Dancing and music were common forms of entertainment. Sign up now, Latest answer posted December 14, 2014 at 4:30:51 PM, Latest answer posted September 23, 2017 at 8:29:10 PM, Latest answer posted March 23, 2018 at 4:07:54 PM, Latest answer posted March 17, 2019 at 2:14:09 PM, Latest answer posted February 09, 2017 at 3:11:59 PM. Political organization. Much of the area was part of New Netherland until the British exerted their control over the region. Most colonists were middle class freemen who owned property but were not as rich as the gentry. Just like people today gather and gossip at work when pausing for meals or taking brief breaks, this was also the case in the colonies. At the lowest social class in Colonial society were the poor. The U.S. Supreme Court: Who Are the Nine Justices on the Bench Today? Native Americans in the Middle Colonies spoke Algonkian and Iroquois languages. As in New England, the majority of the elite in the Middle Colonies were merchants. They were the gentry, the middle class, and the poor. The social structure of Britain has been highly influenced by the concept of classes. By 1685 its population was almost 9,000. Describe the geography and climate of the middle colonies. The Iroquois played sports such as lacrosse and made toys for their children. There were a variety of jobs in the Middle Colonies. New York: Founded in 1626 by the Dutch and initially called New Netherlands, the colony of New York was renamed to its current name by the Duke of York, after the King of England gave it to him following the colonies acquisition by the English. Middle Colonies. It would have been unusual for the poor to socialize with the rich or Quakers with Episcopalians. Dances were popular in both rural and urban areas. Nowhere was that diversity more evident in pre-Revolutionary America than in the middle colonies of Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware. Lumber, ship building, and trading was used in the colonies and fishing was relied on. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. In these villages, we have friends and families that spend valuable time with each other. Women enjoyed frolics, where they would gather with other women to perform a task. This meant that daytime social life was divided by gender. In many ways, Pennsylvania and Delaware owed their initial success to William Penn. Under his guidance, Pennsylvania functioned smoothly and grew rapidly. One's ranking in society also determined his political, legal and societal privileges. Most of the people in this social rank had little chance of owning any significant property and they were uneducated and lacked the right to vote. The Southern Colonies . Economy: - Type of Jobs: Farming, shop keeping, trading, dock work, builders. The lower class was made of the poor whites and black Americans who provided labor to the farms and factories of the colonies (Kennedy, Cohen and Piehl 43). What were some problems faced by the New York colony, and how did they solve them? Wealthy plantation owners with Anglican beliefs replicated European feudalism in the southern colonies. The Middle Colonies Society in the middle colonies was far more varied, cosmopolitan and tolerant than in New England. In Colonial America, there were three main social classes. All but the very poor also had servants. Area dominated by larger farms than N.E., smaller than the S.; still there is an emphasis on subsistence rather than cash crops. In contrast to New England and the middle colonies, the Southern colonies were predominantly rural settlements. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. From New Hampshire all the way down to Georgia, the settlers that settled in the colonies really defined what each colony had to offer. Americans have often prided themselves on their rich diversity. NOAA Hurricane Forecast Maps Are Often Misinterpreted â Here's How to Read Them. Colonies 1640-1750’s. The Africans has 3 social classes. The Middle Colonies were a subset of the Thirteen Colonies in British America, located between the New England Colonies and the Southern Colonies. They are enslaved field workers, enslaved house servants, and the highest class they could get, free blacks. Below them were the tenant farmers and wage earners in the town. Only the gentry had the right to vote in Colonial society. By the late 17th century, Virginia's and Maryland's economic and social structure rested on the great planters and the yeoman farmers. The gentry often served as local magistrates, councilmen and church vestrymen. Dances were a place where men and women could meet, and marriages could be negotiated. The gentry were the New World's version of European aristocrats and even royalties. During the day, women would work in groups, often taking care of the longhouses and cultivating crops, while men engaged in trade and hunting. As the town size increased, each county is governed by a board of supervisors. The class system is prevalent in the society of the United Kingdom in the 21 st century too. Food was almost always present at social gatherings. Local religious groups ran the schools in the middle colonies. The three main social classes in Colonial society were the gentry, the middle class and the lower class. Men and women would dance together to popular tunes of the time. Conversely, sewing or quilting circles, in which women accomplished the practical task of making or repairing blankets, cushions, and clothing while socializing, was an exclusively female activity. Churches also held social activities for congregants. 18. 19. They owned large plantations that were cared for by a large number of slaves. Social/People: - Class Structure: The class structure of the Middle Colonies was heavily based on what type of clothing the colonists wore. What Were the Three Main Social Classes of Colonial Society and How Did the People in the Classes Fare. Intellectual developments Economics. The Iroquois were divided into matrilineal clans. Use the space below to write down the order in which you want to present each social group: serfs, nobles, Social studies. What was the economy of New York like in the 1600s? True or False: Large landowners and white indentured servants were at the top of the social structure in the Middle Colonies. The British captured much of the area in their war … Along with the Chesapeake Colonies, this area now roughly makes up the Mid-Atlantic states. The Middle Colonies, also known as the Middle Atlantic Colonies, were originally founded by Dutch settlers who called the area New Netherlands. The settler societies of New England, the middle colonies, the Chesapeake, and the South had similarities as well as many differences, some being religious beliefs, labor, and their societies economic standpoint. United States History "Middle Colonies ID's" Describe the social structure of New York . Why was the economy in the new England colonies different from the economy in the middle colonies A. At Christmastime, many people gathered together to celebrate the season. Middle Colonies. The Middle Colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware were founded in the early to late 1600s depending on the colony. Many people worked in their homes on farms. Families generally held and worked plots of between 40 and 160 acres. In New York’s Hudson Valley, however, the Dutch established the patroon system, which resembled a … During a frolic, women would gather together to talk or even gossip. Social Structure. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. Company of London. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. In evenings or winter, they created art work, especially dolls and masks, performed music, conducted religious ceremonies, and socialized over communal meals. Religious aspects. Among the Europeans, the main household and social unit was the extended family. Each of the Middle Colonies elected it's own _____ to make laws for the colony. Multiple families lived together in longhouses. The religion of the Middle Colonies, as one would expect, was diverse. In terms of religion, government, social structure, and economy, the Southern, New England, and Middle colonies shared both similarities and differences. While slowly attaining an identity that was distinctly American, these colonies developed into three easily identifiable regions in the years 1600 to 1754. Pennsylvania (1681) Quakers (beliefs) asked by G on September 17, 2015; History. Quakers, Mennonites, Lutherans, Dutch Calvinists, and Presbyterians were all represented, which made it impossible for one religion to dominate and gave a greater freedom of religion than any of the New England Colonies, with exception to Rhode Island. Some people are more powerful, and some people are less powerful. A social class is a way of ranking people. The hard-working, self-supporting farmer was a most important citizen. New England In the New England colonies, settlers went there for religious freedom. The social structure ranges in the 13 colonies. In the Autumn, corn husking parties were held. The colonies were divided into three regions - the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies and the Southern Colonies. The colonies later came under British control. Family farms were owned Southern Colonies Social Structure New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies In most colonies the church was the school and town hall. The government of the middle colonies was essentially similar to the governmental systems of the other colonies. They w… What were the characteristics of English colonies in the Chesapeake region, the Carolinas, the middle Colonies-Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware-and New England prior to 1700? 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