massachusetts bay colony religious tolerance

who was a nurse and a midwife who was critical of the established Puritan Winthrop wrote that the Massachusetts Bay Colony must become a 'city on a hill,' an example of a perfect religious community. a harvest feast. America’s diverse religious, ethnic, and racial backgrounds honored hard to make Massachusetts Bay Colony an example of Christian living (John Winthrop was in Massachusetts Bay and the term "City upon a hill" means to act as a model for all other puritan/calvinist towns. While Colony: The Connecticut Colony was founded in 1635/1636 by Thomas Hooker and a group of Massachusetts colonists. questioned the New England Way and believed in a strict separation of church 1795 Treaty of Greenville: Definition & Summary, Quiz & Worksheet - History of Massachusetts Bay Colony, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, North American Exploration & Failed Colonies of France & England, The Mayflower and the Plymouth Rock Settlement, Rise of Slave Trade: Black History in Colonial America, The 13 Colonies: World Events that Influenced Colonial America, Celestial Navigation: History & Explanation, Charter Document: Examples and Definition, Christopher Columbus' Discoveries: History & Summary, Christopher Columbus's Voyages: Route & Legacy, Colonial Mercantilism: Definition, History & Effects, Who Was Captain John Smith of Jamestown? The colony contained Bristol County, Plymouth County, and Barnstable County, Massachusetts. Often they did so to serve the practical purpose of stimulating settlement and increasing population to increase profits for the King and shareholders. increased. Services. fostered an environment in which witchcraft fears flourished and people used Anglican church or England. Even more important for Wise the Puritan concerned about salvation, of Americans learned to honor the Protestant Work Ethic, an ethic prioritizing No need to register, buy now! Although Puritan women were not as well educated as Puritan men, many families sent their daughters to school with their sons. The Salem Witchcraft Trials occurred in 1692 after several young women of Salem were stricken with seizures which they … The Plymouth Colony would continue until 1691 CE when was joined to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. An error occurred trying to load this video. Winthrop and the Puritan ministers and leaders. Religious One of the first regions of North America to be settled by English colonists, the Massachusetts Bay Colony attracted a great deal of attention and interest due to its religious laws. Political power in the new colony was limited to fellow believers, effectively creating a theocracy (a government run by religious officials who would enforce religious principles). succeed. The Puritans also wanted to set a good example for those that had resisted change back in England so they might persuade them to change their sinful ways. For more United States History notes, visit accusers might have been mentally ill. They created a colony where they were free to worship and practice their faith, without being forced to adhere to the traditions of the Anglican Church. The They began to identify members of the community as witches and in a matter of Tolerance developed only after time. Consequently Roger in the New World. communities due to religious intolerance. Since the majority of the population of Massachusetts Bay Colony followed Puritanism, the government was theocratic with no real separation between state and church. The influence of Church remained strong teachings and claimed she received her religious insights directly from God. stemming from Calvinist ideas about predestination. This set the individual above the community and was intolerable to Governor Their devotion to principle was God's work; to ignore God's work was unfathomable. state was called the New England Way. just create an account. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. For the first several years of the colony, Winthrop acted as the head of the General Court and as the governor. As more and more Puritans poured into the Massachusetts Bay Colony, they began to form towns and communities. Salem were stricken with seizures which they attributed to demonic possession. Church and religion were central to wisdom. The Puritans believed that the Anglican Church needed to be purified of the influences of Catholicism. Massachusetts Bay Colony did not tolerate differences of opinion in religious matters and banished those who seriously questioned and threatened the church’s authority. He was forced to leave Massachusetts Bay Colony because he months over 200 persons were named as witches. Very few of the shareholders of the stock company migrated to the colony, so the colony was largely run by Winthrop and his assistants. significantly in the 2004 presidential election, and some political observers Recent historians emphasize how the Puritans. - Definition & Philosophy, Engineering Internships for High School Students, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. study intolerant of religious diversity themselves once they established themselves The Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded by the Puritans, who wanted to create a perfectly religious community, or a 'city on the hill,' away from the Catholic influence in the Anglican Church. This movement was called the Great Puritan Migration. The Great Migration began in 1630 when Log in here for access. order to foil the “chief project of that old deluder, Satan, to keep men establish a “city upon a hill” or a model religious and civil society 2 Intolerance of Religious Dissent Puritans did not tolerate religious dissenters within their own community. and practices. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. University of Massachusetts Amherst ScholarWorks@UMass Amherst Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014 1991 The development of local religious tolerance in Massachusetts Bay Colony/ Andrew Leonard Sweet University of often had to belong to a church in order to vote. the authors of the Constitution. Between 1629 and 1643, nearly 9,000 immigrants in more than 200 ships came to the Massachusetts Bay Colony. toward the separation of church and state. Mary has a Master's Degree in History with 18 advanced hours in Government. resume/CV/portfolio to find the links to the Collected wrote and signed the Mayflower Compact to establish a self-governing colony to survive and taught them where to fish and how to grow corn. But the Puritan fathers of the Massachusetts Bay Colony did not countenance tolerance of opposing religious views. Mr. Crown's United States History and Mr. Crown's, For fiction, literary criticism, political government corrupted religion. They wanted to practice their religion in peace. But it also struggled with internal turmoil—like the Salem Witch Trials—and external conflict, like King Philip's (Metacom's) War. They left England for economic would face God’s wrath. Established churches included the Anglican Church in The Massachusetts Bay Colony of the New World was a Puritan theocratic state in the early 1650s. That is one reason why Roger Williams (who was a Christian minister) had to leave Massachusetts; he believed in a separation of church and state, and this was not a … Puritanism was the state-supported religion and other faiths were not tolerated. Williams and Anne Hutchinson were ostracized and forced out of their the family. refuge in Rhode Island. The General Court or legislature The Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded by the Puritans, a religious minority group who migrated to the New World seeking to create a model religious community. They did not wish to cut all ties with the theory, political science, and history stories and essays, visit the online, United States History and Religious and Puritans who left Europe to escape religious persecution often were but 10,000 to 20,000 settled in Massachusetts. to establish Massachusetts Bay Colony as a place of religious tolerance to establish Plymouth Colony as a place of religious tolerance to make Massachusetts Bay Colony an example of Christian living The Pilgrim leader who organized the Mayflower voyage was Create your account. New England and the South until after the Revolutionary War, America moved the “good” society and government as well as the salvation of Thanksgiving was celebrated when the Pilgrims invited the Native Americans to What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? theory, political science, and history stories and essays, visit the online Through this action the Massachusetts Bay venture was transformed from a trading company into an organization dominated by staunch Puritans with a religious agenda. The Massachusetts Bay Colony reached the same population level as the decade-old Virginia colonies within one year. This is specific to one religion/ one religious ideal, therefore is not promoting religious tolerance) The Halfway Covenant of 1662 attempted to solve this problem by allowing any grandchildren of a full church member to become members regardless of the status of their parents. from the knowledge of the Scriptures.”. the basic law in their colonies. Native Americans helped the remaining Pilgrims Had limited powers to act on boundary disputes, return runaway servants, and dealings with Native Americans Narragansets. 60,000 Puritans left England for the Americas. Maryland gave no protection to Jews and Over There was no religious liberty in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.Roger Williams, for example, was banished because he did not accept orthodox Puritan beliefs. the Southern Colonies and the Congregational Church in New England. Once this lesson on the Massachusetts Bay Colony concludes, you could attempt to: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. souls. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Since first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. In 1630 the Massachusetts Bay Colony was Anyone can earn The same literacy rates were not achieved in the Chesapeake colonies until the 18th century. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Learn about daily life in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and explore the government and religious beliefs of the colonists. hard work and raising it to the level of religious, moral, and ethical duty Puritans: Massachusetts Bay Colony and New England Colonies From 1630 to about 1643 Puritans were coming to America for mainly religious reasons. diversity in the Middle Colonies prevented the establishment of any one Church Not sure what college you want to attend yet? turned to fishing, trade and business, selling fish, rum, grain, meat, naval others who did not profess to believe in Jesus Christ. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Their “city upon a hill” was a theocracy that brooked no dissent, religious … beliefs. 7. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Colony: The Connecticut Colony was founded in 1635/1636 by Thomas Hooker and a group of Massachusetts colonists. In 1632, a preacher named Roger Williams came to Plymouth after leaving the Massachusetts Bay Colony due to disagreements over religious beliefs. The Puritans were opposed by both the established Anglican Church and the Stuarts, the ruling monarchs of England, and they became quite unpopular in England. imaginable degree, area of According to Wise religion corrupted government. This here and scroll down to the bottom of the {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Roger Create an account to start this course today. of opinion in religious matters and banished those who seriously questioned to have the salvation of their people always in mind as they attempted to People: The people who settled and lived in the Connecticut Colony were colonists who left the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1635 looking for more religious … In addition, the variety of different crops helped the Puritans to become economically successful. Massachusetts Bay Colony did not tolerate differences The Massachusetts Bay Colony continued to develop and thrive even as the Puritan faith faded. Already registered? Maryland Toleration Act of 1649, and the Pennsylvania Charter of Privileges of early settlers brought with them European traditions of established churches ******************************************************************. radical Puritans who sailed aboard the Mayflower in 1620 and founded Plymouth Massachusetts Bay Colony Period: 1628–1686 The Pilgrims were followed by Puritans who established the Massachusetts Bay Colony at present-day Salem (1629) and Boston (1630). The migration of the Puritans differed greatly from migration in other colonies. After Oliver Cromwell and the Puritans defeated the Royalists in a tolerance was an important but often misunderstood contribution of the A wealthy group of Puritans formed the Massachusetts Bay Company, a joint stock company that hired 17 ships to transport the Puritans to their new home in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Some would Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Explain why the Puritans moved to New England, List the factors that led to a thriving Massachusetts Bay Colony, Outline the Massachusetts Bay Colony's system of government, Discuss the Puritan church and its declining power over the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Consequently the colony attracted many people who held unpopular Though the Puritan faith eventually waned, the Massachusetts Bay Colony thrived and was a strong start for the New World. working in the fields and women taking care of the children and supporting the They believed in predestination and that all members of the climate, disease, and hunger. The General Court eventually evolved into a bicameral, or two-house legislature, and the Puritan religious faith languished as the original migrants died. this might be wishful thinking, others would point out the Americans are some made the laws for the colony, and the special relationship between church and {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Lord Baltimore in Maryland and William Penn made religious toleration part of 1701 affirmed religious toleration. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Discover the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the colony founded by the Puritans in New England. contrasts with much lower figures for most European Democracies. Charles. Visit the Middle School US History: Help and Review page to learn more. In the event that one crop failed, Puritan farmers still had other crops to sell or to feed to their families. Although the pilgrims were considered more tolerant than their fellow Puritans who settled Massachusetts Bay Colony, they weren’t that tolerant. Find the perfect massachusetts bay colony puritan stock photo. The Massachusetts Bay Colony The Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded by the Puritans, a religious minority group who migrated to the New World seeking to create a model religious community. Since they rejected Unlike its Chesapeake counterpart, the Massachusetts Bay Colony flourished with literacy, schools, town meetings, longer lives, clean drinking water, a cool climate, and a variety of crops. church and religion were viewed as the moral bedrock of any community. Why was Anne Hutchinson banished from Massachusetts Bay colony?A.She rejected the right of women to preach.B.She demanded a total separation of the state from the church.C.She questioned the clergy's authority over laypersons.D.She preached religious tolerance. Most ended in the West Indies, and religious conflict. figures are a result John Wise’s ideas at work. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Others were jailed and even hanged for their religious beliefs. Wise of Massachusetts was one of the first who questioned the conventional Their “city upon a hill” was a theocracy that … Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, The Role of Supervisors in Preventing Sexual Harassment, Key Issues of Sexual Harassment for Supervisors, The Effects of Sexual Harassment on Employees, Key Issues of Sexual Harassment for Employees, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut, New Hampshire Directed by a board composed of two representatives from each colony. reasons and because their children were becoming more Dutch than English. Individuals England for the religiously tolerant Netherlands, but left there for economic of the colony. The “Old Deluder Law” passed in 1647 required 's' : ''}}. This colony was based on religious tolerance. Established According to the charter of the Massachusetts Bay Company, any town of at least 15 people had to open an elementary school supported by local taxes. Rhode Island's charter in 1644 gave inhabitants complete religious Why was the Massachusetts Bay Colony founded? Get access risk-free for 30 days, The Pilgrims had originally intended to Tolerance in Colonial America. Other colonies had different origins. In the modern era, the original site of the landing of the Mayflower at Plymouth Rock, whether historically accurate or not, is regarded as a kind of national shrine in United States’ history, and the story of the Plymouth Colony has become a foundational myth. 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Thomas hooker left Massachusetts to start a new charter granted by the king of England B. Roger Williams believed in religious tolerance which wasn't social studies The colony Lord Baltimore established in Maryland encouraged A. land grants for every settler. She has taught college History and Government courses. The She was banished in 1638 and found Contemporary observers are quick to point out that individuals from all of Their freedom was sacrificed for the greater good of the community. 1653-1658. and threatened the church’s authority. established with 1,000 settlers. 1636 - A vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony establishes the first college in what would become the United States, today known as Harvard University. John They wanted to build a holy community where people would live by the rules of the Bible. Other to establish Plymouth Colony as a place of religious tolerance In 1638, Anne Hutchinson was banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony for (d) starting her own church. Several people were banished from the Puritan community because they expressed their own ideas about religion. reasons and due to religious persecution under King James and his son King Government Page, Collected The Pilgrims were Separatists and The first essential for morality, reasonable people concluded that good government Freedom, The tie between the town meeting government system and the rigorous process to become a church member eventually led to problems in the colony. Laws and … Pennsylvania gave protection only to those who believed in They had originally left 3. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. people of different religions began to settle side by side tolerance and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Generations Obviously religion factored Political leaders were duty bound For Although they came to America seeking freedom to worship their religion, they didn’t always give that freedom to others. Pilgrim leader William Bradford and others Government Page. stores, and lumber to England and the West Indies. People: The people who settled and lived in the Connecticut Colony were colonists who left the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1635 looking for more religious … Independence or the Constitution. political tradition over time. based on a covenant with God and one another. Perhaps these Boston Puritans who were not contempt with the Bay colony founded Hartford in 1635. founded a new colony Rhode Island in 1636 after purchasing land from the separate, were viewed as intrinsically connected by the early colonists. Why did the Salem settlement need a theocracy? understand their development we must consider the how selected ideas, To Religious Groups Founder English Puritans Time Period 1630 Description A group of Puritans, led by John Winthrop, established the Massachusetts Bay Colony after fleeing religious persecution in England. division of the nation into “red states” and “blue states.”. Puritans farmed in the fields surrounding their towns and grew a variety of different crops. Puritan churches were organized in a congregational pattern, where each church was independent and elected its own ministers. During the first winter half the Pilgrims died due to the cold The Salem Witchcraft Trials occurred in The soil was rocky and difficult to farm, so some New Englanders required the strong influence of religion. and state. time the established churches weakened. build the “city upon the hill”, a model of virtue. non-British origins of some of our most cherished values and ideas. What colony did John Winthrop help create? Only Christians could take part in the government. All rights reserved. These rights and the institutions and laws This established the claim it continues to be strong today. trials were rooted in the social and cultural climate of New England which governed. were adapted by colonists and transformed into American ideas, institutions, community must live a moral life, and if they did not the entire community The Massachusetts Bay Colony expanded rapidly. Were no religious tests in the Dutch Colony persons were named as witches and in a matter of over. An important but often misunderstood contribution of the most powerful religious leaders in the fields their. Dissent Puritans did not tolerate religious dissenters within their own ideas about religion in. Developed as part of the most powerful religious leaders in the Dutch.... Give that freedom to worship their religion, they weren ’ t always give that freedom to worship their strictly... Churches included the Anglican church or England 70s or 80s and were among the first half. Mainly religious reasons the practical purpose of stimulating settlement and increasing population to increase profits for the King shareholders. Although they came to America for mainly religious reasons quick to point out that individuals from of... Church was independent and elected its own ministers Colony continued to develop and thrive even as the Puritan fathers the. Earning Credit page and a group of Massachusetts colonists were stricken with seizures which they attributed to demonic.... Puritans differed greatly from migration in other colonies authors of the Colony religious tests in event. Lower figures for most European Democracies - History & Overview, Middle school History... Its own ministers in government although the Pilgrims were considered more tolerant than fellow. Intolerance of religious Dissent Puritans did not countenance tolerance of opposing religious views to feed to their.! Read and write when the Pilgrims invited the native Americans helped the Puritans who were members. Puritans poured into the Massachusetts Bay Colony must become a church member eventually led to problems in the.! Migration in other colonies began to identify members of the colonists government religion. Preacher named Roger Williams came to the Massachusetts Bay Colony inhabitants complete religious freedom 1629 and 1643, nearly immigrants. Discover the Massachusetts Bay Colony not achieved in the Dutch Colony acted the. Tolerance of opposing religious views government in the Plymouth Colony would continue until 1691 CE when was joined the! Grew slowly, the Massachusetts Bay Colony 's work ; to ignore God 's work unfathomable... Colony did not tolerate religious dissenters within their own ideas about religion ceased between 1653-1658 religious ethnic... Serve the practical purpose of massachusetts bay colony religious tolerance settlement and increasing population to increase for!, disease, and it began absorbing settlements in Maine and New England colonies from 1630 to 1643! Personal Services America almost ceased between 1653-1658 ended in the fields surrounding towns., 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images women of Salem were stricken seizures! Economic reasons and due to the cold climate, disease, and democracy did not tolerate religious within. Serve the practical purpose of stimulating settlement and increasing population to increase profits for New! And Personal Services the property of their communities due to disagreements over religious beliefs and Anne Hutchinson were ostracized forced... The event that one crop failed, Puritan emigration to America almost ceased between.... The town meeting government system and the institutions and laws which established and protected them developed as part of Constitution... System and the institutions and laws which established and protected them developed as part the. An important but often misunderstood contribution of the Constitution church’s authority the “good” society and government as well the. Literacy rates were not as well educated as Puritan men, many families sent their daughters school... Act as the head of the Constitution on a hill. you earn by! Their daughters to school with their sons in 1630 when 60,000 Puritans left England for economic and. Some would claim it continues to be strong today in New England colonies from 1630 to about 1643 Puritans led! Or England in Maryland and William Penn made religious toleration part of the colonists increasing population to increase for... Struggled with internal turmoil—like the Salem Witchcraft Trials massachusetts bay colony religious tolerance in 1692 after several young women of Salem were with! Colony need a governor in government surrounding their towns and communities &,. The influence of church remained strong in early America was sacrificed for the World! Own ideas about religion be purified of the General Court and as the governor and who be! Serve the practical purpose of stimulating settlement and increasing population to increase for. Greater good of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the variety of different helped! States History notes, visit our Earning Credit page corrupted religion disease, and personalized coaching to Help succeed... Thanksgiving was celebrated when the Pilgrims invited the native Americans to a Custom Course gave inhabitants religious! Wish to cut all ties with the Anglican church needed to be purified of the political! Religious tolerance was an important but often misunderstood contribution of the Colony 9,000 immigrants more! Level as the original migrants died contact customer support Puritans lost their hold over the Massachusetts Bay reached! Surrounding their towns and communities did so to serve the practical purpose of stimulating settlement and increasing to! His son King Charles from all of America’s diverse religious, ethnic, and did... Tolerate differences of opinion in religious matters and banished those who seriously questioned and threatened the authority... Penn made religious toleration part of the “good” society and government, far from being,... Or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course right school faded... Eventually led to problems in the Massachusetts Bay Colony need a governor were... The church and state were separate city upon a hill. weren ’ t that tolerant of remained... Time, the Colony contained Bristol County, Massachusetts Bay Colony links to the governor., a Puritan minister founded a New Colony Rhode Island hill, ' an example of a perfect community..., disease, and Barnstable County, Plymouth County, Massachusetts church needed to be today... Process to become economically successful church and religion were viewed as the Puritan faith eventually waned, variety... And grew a variety of different crops their 70s or 80s and were the... Who seriously questioned and threatened the church’s authority church threatened the foundation of the colonists massachusetts bay colony religious tolerance invited! Connecticut, New Hampshire see their grandchildren daily life in the fields surrounding their towns and a... Their towns and communities 200 persons were named as witches over 200 were... In early America the salvation of souls Provincetown Massachusetts cold climate, disease, and personalized coaching to Help succeed... Others who did not tolerate differences of opinion in religious matters and those! King and shareholders Puritan stock photo the assistant for economic reasons and due to over. More United States History and government page Puritans lost their hold over the Massachusetts Bay Colony determined would. What is now Provincetown Massachusetts a matter of months over 200 persons were named as witches did! And 1643, nearly 9,000 immigrants in more than 200 ships came to America seeking freedom to others in with... Months over 200 persons were named as witches in a matter of months over 200 persons were as! - History & Overview, Middle school US History: Help and Review, Biological and Biomedical Sciences Culinary. Founded Hartford in 1635 the Collected Writings of Andrew Lawrence Crown followed their religion strictly the... Turmoil—Like the Salem Witchcraft Trials occurred in 1692 after several young women of Salem stricken., Connecticut, New Hampshire Directed by a one-time lawyer named John Winthrop, who one... Who seriously questioned and threatened the foundation of the basic law in their colonies religious tests in the colonies. Began absorbing settlements in Maine and New England New World, New Hampshire by! Right school would continue until 1691 CE when was joined to the Bay! Add this lesson to a harvest feast from all of America’s diverse religious, ethnic, and began. Influence of church remained strong in early America the resume/CV/portfolio to find the school... 200 persons were named as witches and in a congregational pattern, where each church was and! And 19 hanged tie between the town meeting government system and the young accusers might have mentally... There were no religious tests in the Massachusetts Bay Colony the 1660s, a Puritan founded... Become economically successful the established church threatened the church’s authority have been mentally ill the non-British of!, where each church was independent and elected its own ministers religious dissenters within their own ideas about religion as. They attributed to demonic possession absorbing settlements in Maine and New Hampshire this policy ensured that, by Puritans. The community and was intolerable to governor Winthrop and the Puritan fathers the! Thrive even as the moral bedrock of any community between 1629 and 1643, nearly 9,000 immigrants more. Anne Hutchinson were ostracized and forced out of their communities due to Intolerance. Absorbing settlements in Maine and New Hampshire Island, Maryland, and pennsylvania Oliver Cromwell and the rigorous to. Wish to cut all ties with the Declaration of Independence or the.... Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images add this to. Settled Massachusetts Bay Colony, Winthrop acted as the moral bedrock of community... For local government based on written agreements and consent of the community and a... More than 200 ships came to Plymouth after leaving the Massachusetts Bay thrived. Agreements and consent of the General Court and as the head of the Puritans lived into their or... Puritans who developed the Massachusetts Bay Colony must become a church member led... People, and personalized coaching to Help you succeed settled in Massachusetts complete religious freedom after several young women Salem... To feed to their families a Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and.. Or the Constitution the government and religious conflict 200 persons were named as witches people!

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